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Biography

by BrazilGovNews published Aug 04, 2016 05:55 PM, last modified Aug 31, 2016 05:18 PM
Michel Temer, President of the Republic

Michel Temer took office as President of the Republic on 31 August 2016 after the Senate approved the proceeding to impeach and remove President Dilma Rousseff from the presidency. During the period Rousseff was suspended pending the result of the impeachment proceeding, Temer was acting President for 111 days. With the confirmation of Rousseff's impeachment by the Senate, Temer takes office as President until 31 December 2018. 

Michel Temer was elected Vice President in 2010 and re-elected in 2014 as part Rousseff's running mate for the presidency. He was Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies (1997 - 1999, 1999 - 2001 and 2009 - 2010). He is on leave from the presidency of the national PMDB (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party), to which he was elected on 09/11/2001 and re-elected five more times: on 04/14/2004, 14/03/2007, 02/06/2010, 03/02/2013 and 03/12/2016.

As vice-president, he was responsible for defending the country’s interests in forums, meetings and international negotiations. Temer led missions to discuss important issues with world leaders. In South Korea, for example, he met with Barack Obama (USA), Dmitry Medvedev (Russia), Hu Jin Tao (China), and others, to discuss global nuclear safety. In his international activities, Michel Temer visited countries of the Middle East, the Americas, Europe and Africa with the objective of promoting the Brazilian economy, investment opportunities and partnerships, resulting in the growth and mutual development of nations.

Temer also chaired two international discussion forums with the governments of China and Russia: The High-Level Coordination and Cooperation Committee (COSBAN) and the Russia-Brazil High-level Coordination and Cooperation Committee (CAN). In 2011, Michel Temer met with then Prime Minister Vladimir Putin for talks involving the expansion of the beef market for Brazil. Temer also discussed the improvement of trade issues with Deputy Prime Minister Wang Qishan (China) regarding the control of the flow of Chinese products exported to Brazil.

Domestically, the vice-president also coordinated the Strategic Border Plan based on the Sentinel and Agate operations and aimed mainly at combatting criminal activities along the more than 16,000-kilometer Brazilian frontier.

As a deputy for six terms, he was selected by Diap (Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory) in 2009 as the most influential parliamentarian in the National Congress. Additionally, he was among the most influential Brazilian members for several years.

Background

Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia was born in Tietê (SP) on September 23, 1940. The youngest of eight children, Temer is Catholic. The family, always faithful to its Christian principles, emigrated from Betabura, in the El Koura region of northern Lebanon, in 1925.

On arrival in Brazil, his father, Miguel Temer, bought a farm in Tietê and installed a rice and coffee processing machine. Over the years, Miguel’s activities gained importance. The eldest son, Tamer started to help in the family business. Michel and the other brothers went to study in São Paulo.

At 16, Michel Temer started his secondary education. Later, he entered the renowned Faculty of Law of the University of São Paulo (USP), in Largo do São Francisco. He has a Doctor of Laws title from the Catholic University (PUC) of São Paulo. He is the author of Constituição e Política, Territórios Federais nas Constituições Brasileiras e Seus Direitos na Constituinte (Constitution and Politics, Federal Territories in Brazilian Constitutions and their Rights in the Constituent Assembly) and Elementos do Direito Constitucional (Elements of Constitutional Law), the latter now in its 20th edition with over 200,000 copies sold. Temer is considered one of the leading constitutionalists in the country. In 2012, he received an honorary Doctorate from the Instituto de Direito Público – Institute for Public law (IDP) and from Universidade Fundação Instituto de Ensino para Osasco (UNIFIEO), for his work in the legal field and as a Brazilian politician.

Public career

Michel Temer began his political career as a member of Education Secretary Ataliba Nogueira´s office in the São Paulo state government between 1964 and 1966. In 1970, he became state prosecutor. In 1983, Michel Temer was appointed Attorney General for the state of São Paulo. The following year, he became Secretary of Public Security of São Paulo, a position he returned to occupy the early 1990s.

While in charge of the Public Safety Department, Michel Temer adopted modern ideas that were later used as a model throughout the country. In 1985, he created the Security Community Councils (CONSEG). In the same year, after receiving a commission which denounced the beating of women and neglect by the authorities with regard to these crimes, Temer created the first Police Station for Women in Brazil. Also in this period, he established the Bureau for the Protection of Copyrights, an important tool in combatting piracy, and the Bureau for the Assessment of Race-related Crimes.

During his first administration in charge of the Public Safety Department, he was encouraged to seek elected office. He confided his dream to the then governor, Franco Montoro: to be a member of the National Constituent Assembly in 1986. Montoro encouraged him to act. He was elected constituent deputy from the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) and actively participated in the National Constituent Assembly where he was known for his moderate and serious position, as well as for his broad knowledge of constitutional law.

Following the Constituent Assembly, he was elected federal deputy and served six mandates - all for PMDB. He took a leave of absence from his mandate to oversee the Public Safety Department of São Paulo and, then as Government Secretary. In the first of three terms as the Speaker of the House of Representatives, he broke new ground by opening the house to Brazilians through the creation of an important communication system which was responsible for reporting the work of parliamentarians and major debates in the plenary sittings and committees. During this period, the House discussed and voted on several projects that altered the structure of the Brazilian state, with major implications for the modernization of national institutions.

In his third mandate as Speaker of the House, he avoided the Congressional agenda being held up Provisional Decrees (MP) issued by the Government. Temer offered a new constitutional interpretation. According to him, a provisional decree only holds up voting on matters that can be the object of the same legal provision. Thus, the voting of Amendment Proposals to the Constitution, Resolutions and Complementary Bills, among other matters listed in paragraph 1 of Article 62, could not be barred. With this decision, which was widely accepted in the legal environment and legislative scope, the House resumed voting on matters relevant to society. His declarations and articles written during the course of his parliamentary mandate are compiled in the work Democracia e Cidadania (Democracy and Citizenship).

As House speaker, he temporarily assumed the Presidency of the Republic twice: January 27 to 31, 1998 and June 15, 1999. From 2001 to the end of 2010, he chaired the PMDB´s National Committee. In 2011, he went took a leave of absence from this position to assume the Vice Presidency of the Republic.

Summary

Full Name:
Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia

Date of Birth:
09/23/1940

Professions:
Attorney and Professor

Parents:
Miguel Elias Temer Lulia and March Barbar Lulia

Legislative period:

1987 - 1991, 1991 - 1995, 1995 - 1999, 1999 - 2003, 2003 - 2007 and 2007 - 2011.

E-mail:
micheltemer@micheltemer.com.br

Mandates:
Federal Deputy (Constituent), 1987 - 1991 SP, PMDB; Federal Deputy (Congressional Review), 1993 - 1995 SP, PMDB; Federal Deputy, 1995 - 1999, SP, PMDB; President (Interim), 01/27/1998 - 01/31/1998; President (Interim), 06/15/1999; Federal Deputy, 1999 - 2003, SP, PMDB. Assumed office: 02/01/1999; Federal Deputy, 2003 - 2007, SP, PMDB. Assumed office: 02/01/2003; Federal Deputy, 2003 - 2011, SP, PMDB. Assumed office: 02/01/2007; Vice President of the Republic from 2011 - 2014. Assumed office: 01/01/2011.

Party Affiliation:
PMDB – 1981

Party activities:
Leader of the PMDB, 2/3/1995 - 2/5/1997; Leader of the PMDB/PSD/PSL/PSC Block, 1996 - 1997; PMDB national president, 9/2001 - 3/2004, 3/2004 - 3/2007, 3/2007 - 3/2009, 3/2009 - 3/2013 (went on leave in 2011).

Projects Approved as Deputy:

• Combating Organized Crime (Law No. 9034195)

• Creation of Special Courts (Law No. 9099/95)

• Consumer Protection Code - ANC

• Voting Rights Guarantee of Corporals and Soldiers - ANC

• Inviolability of lawyers in the exercise of their profession - ANC